[Pre-Supremacy] Architecture (pre-pre-Ecoria!) Jul 4, 2016 12:34:35 GMT -5
Post by malika on Jul 4, 2016 12:34:35 GMT -5
This COR housing design is for now. In our time-line it may still be a while before all vehicles change over to electric, or some other form of eco-friendly fuel. The lower road (i.e. the current M25) would slowly transition over to being for goods vehicles only (and lots of robot driven lorries!). The upper roads will be what most people use to get about, and that can include a mix of bicycles and personal electric vehicles.
Hmm, I imagined the COR system to be for 5-10 years from now. You could even go for a temporary solution of no cars in the city, with transport within the city done with public transportation, and then have parking lots outside of the city.
I agree in part. People with cash like to go out and spend it, so the affluent would always want somewhere to go, all the time. However for lower income families this is not an option: it's too expensive to do on a regular basis. As a friend of mine once said: 'I don't know how you could live in London on less that 50K'. In London it's the affluent who are spending in all the farmers markets, food markets, and trendy places. In less affluent areas I can imagine that social centres could start to shut down as the demand is not there to support a business (London has lost thousands of nightclubs, and many high streets in poorer areas are nothing but bargain basement stores). The lower social demand areas (well there is a ton of demand but not the money) I can see being replaced with businesses (seeing as COR all modular it would be easy to change over). You may find the poor travel to areas with social centres for a night out one a week or so - which is kinda what they do now.
But would the affluent live in such places, unless there would be variants in these types of apartments I guess, some of them would be akin to social housing, the other would be rather high-end apartments. On the other hand, I can't help but imagine a High-Rise scenario here (see trailer). On the other hand, I can also imagine all COR projects would be more high end at the moment, with the poorer classes living outside of these communities. Basically a continuation of the gentrification we're already seeing. Continuing on that note, what we see in big expensive cities (New York, London, etc) are vast amounts of empty spaces, basically houses/apartments/etc bought by big investors but that aren't populated. New York apparently has 'ghost streets', which are basically entire buildings bought by the super wealthy but are kept uninhabited because they are simply investments rather than meant to be rented out. We could see something similar occur in the COR complexes if they are that valuable, especially in cities such as London, Paris, New York, etc.
I agree with you there - but I'm thinking of affluent areas where people have plenty of cash and want to send it, show off, meet people, and have fun. That is what is driving the demand for organic local farmers markets etc. it's a place where those who can afford it, can go out and spend money. That experience cannot be moved online, and as this group of people have money then there will be those who will sell them what they want.
But would they do that inside their complex, or rather go outside of the city? On the other hand, I can imagine this to be akin to the expensive shopping streets like in cities such as Amsterdam, Paris, London, etc.
I see you point where working from home involves a lap top or something. I was thinking more of a 'workshop' where you can make things. Where you could run a business, store product, run 3D printers or some such.
Well, looking at the labour market today we see that only a very small percentage is actually working in sectors such as manufacturing. Those who do would probably need somewhat larger spaces to do it from, which could perhaps be rented at the 'commercial centre' area in your design, but even those spaces would be expensive. They'd probably be rented by collectives (groups of makers/creatives/manufacturers/ etc) who'd then share such a space. We could also see these groups perhaps move outside of the city, going for a cheaper space. Then when it starts to attract more people, a COR (or at least the housing/etc) would be constructed around it. Thus this formerly "low budget hub" becoming the commercial centre of the new COR. Once again taking the gentrification model to the next level.
Western governments always pay out for benefits. The issue is getting a system to take into account those who work (do you add the basic income to their salaries? If you do: do all salaries then drop? and a whole bunch of other questions). I figure the machines pull a fast one here and write a tax code that means the basic income is also a tax write off. And being machines they tie up all the lose ends too.
I think we'd need to look into already existing experiments with the basic income to figure that one out. In Holland for example they're currently doing such an experiment in Utrecht. I don't know if it would automatically mean that normal income would have to be dropped. We might end up seeing such a thing though. On the other hand, it could also be that the normal income remains the same, but elements such as health insurance and pensions are removed from it (since they would be covered by the basic income). So whilst salaries would go down in a certain extent, you wouldn't notice it directly in your net income.
This means those who are unemployed get the basic income, and any extra work they get, either from zero-day contracts (coz they'd actually work when combined with a basic income) or their own enterprise where they would simply add the money they make on top, and pay tax only on the money they earn. In effect everyone who is 'unemployed' now becomes a 'sole trader'.
As for anyone who works, the company pays the basic income but they can write it off their corporate tax. The idea here is that a company can reduce their corporate tax to zero if they hire local people. However the government still makes money from personal income tax and the increased spending of employees through VAT. The principle would be that all taxation is from the people and not the companies. Companies in effect would only pay tax when they do not hire people; this also covers companies that use a lot of machines.
Sounds like you're coming up with your own model for a basic income, it's quite interesting! So you basically force companies to hire a lot of people so that they don't have to pay taxes. So the company would pay a salary and also the basic income, the latter from the taxes they'd normally have to pay. But that would mean people would only pay tax over their salaries and VAT, would a government then still make enough money?
The last benefit relates to the hot topic of illegal immigration. An illegal immigrant wouldn't be able to claim the basic income, and a company that hires them would not be able to claim the basic pay back as a tax break. A company would have less incentive to hire an illegal immigrant even for cheap wages because they cannot compete with those who get the basic income (which is like bribing the companies to hire locals and obey the law). It also makes it less likely to hire illegal immigrant for casual work or zero-day contracts as they do not get the basic income to support them. Wages could actually go down in some sectors due to an influx of the new 'sole traders'.
This all applies if the salaries actually would go down. They'd partly do, but on the other hand it might also lead to some weird manoeuvring. Companies hiring just enough people to pay very little or no taxes, and then on top of that hire a lot of illegal immigrants on very low salaries. Lets say a company would need to hire 10 people not to pay taxes, lets say they'd only hire 5 of them, and then have to pay the tax. They could probably still be able to hire 10-20 illegal immigrants, pay them a fraction of what they'd pay a normal worker, and still be able to get away with it. I could also see companies having "ghost employees" just to avoid these taxes, simply sending the basic income to separate bank accounts and what not.